Having a website for your business has moved from being supplementary to a necessity. A responsive, dynamic and epic website can affect businesses to a large extent. More often than not, before anyone would like to transact business with you, they first check your website. Your website, therefore, is a direct representation of you. It is the first impression customers get about you. It is worth noting that whatever you put on the internet is permanent, you may change the website in the future, but the old website would have been archived on some servers. You may check this article for more information on that.
In this article, I would like to show you how you can build your own website. In building a website, there are some basic things that you may need.
A domain name is a string of text that maps to a numeric IP address, used to access a website from client software. In plain English, a domain name is the text that a user types into a browser window to reach a particular website. For instance, the domain name for Google is ‘google.com’.
You need to decide which domain name you want to use and check whether it is available. Thousands of websites are created daily, and they all use domain names, therefore, you must check whether your domain name’s availability. You can do so by going to the website https://whois.domaintools.com.
Type your domain name into the text field. Example, if you want to check whether www.fucahconsult.com is available (meaning nobody has taken it, hence you want to own it ), you type www.fucahconsult.com into the text field.
Complete the security check by clicking on “I’m not a robot” and click on “Go”. If it has been taken, you will see a screen similar to the page below
Now let’s search for a different domain name “viddomm.com”, you can see the page below.
This means that the domain name is available, hence you can go ahead and purchase it. With your own domain name, you are also able to get a professional email account(s) like, yourname@YourWebsite.com – this is much more professional than a regular Yahoo or Gmail address, especially if you need multiple email accounts.
What kind of domain name should I pick?
When you’re choosing your domain name, there are a few rules you should keep in mind:
- If you’re setting up a business website, your domain name should match your company name. For example: YourCompanyName.com
- If you’re planning on making a personal website for yourself then YourName.com can be a great option.
For this site (FucahConsult), we chose FucahConsult.com
Domain names usually end with .com, .org or .net, but in recent times, a large number of domain extensions (the last part of the web address, like .com or .org) have come out, ranging from .blog to .party.
My best advice? Avoid the unusual extensions and go with .com, .net or .org unless they precisely describe your website – and even then, it is usually better to go with a more common extension.
The next thing you would need after the domain name is a hosting server. A hosting server is a computer where the web content is stored. Basically a hosting server is used to host the website. There are various types of hosting servers. There are;
- Shared web hosting service: One's website is placed on the same server as many other sites, ranging from a few sites to hundreds of websites. As a beginner, this should work just fine for you. There is also;
- Virtual Dedicated Server
- Dedicated hosting service
- Managed hosting service
- Colocation web hosting service
- Cloud hosting
- Clustered hosting
- Grid hosting
Where to buy Domain name and hosting
Purchasing a domain name and hosting is very easy, some of the hosting platforms give you a free domain when you purchase hosting space with them. I generally recommend bluehost, their website hosting costs less than a movie ticket ($2.95/mo) and they throw in a FREE domain name (a nice perk to have).
The easiest way is to use a content management system (CMS). CMS (or website building platform) is a user-friendly platform for building websites and managing your own online content, instead of creating a website from scratch using HTML, PHP, and other coding languages. The downside is that you don’t have the luxury to do things in your own way. You are only exposed to the predefined way of achieving things as allowed by the CMS. Unlike coding from scratch, where you do whatever you want with great flexibility and dynamism.
Now that you have your domain name and the hosting server, I would like to show you how to create your own website using CMS.
1. Install WordPress Site
There are two possible ways to install WordPress, one MUCH easier than the other.
TO CREATE A WEBSITE WITH WORDPRESS, USE ONE-CLICK-INSTALLATION:
Almost all well-established and reliable web hosting companies have integrated one-click installation for WordPress these days.
If you choose to sign up with Bluehost or any other similar hosting company, you should find your “one-click installation” either in the account creation process or in your account control panel.
For example, these are the steps you need to follow to install WordPress on Bluehost (the process is very similar or even the same on all the most popular web hosting companies):
- Go to Bluehost.com
- Choose your hosting plan (cheapest plan is fine)
- If you already have a domain, type it there
- Fill in your information and choose your hosting length (you can remove the “Extras”).
- Go through the payment process and create your account
- Log in to Bluehost use “one-click WordPress install” to Install WordPress
2. MANUAL INSTALL (if your web hosting provider doesn’t have an easy way to do it)
If for some odd reason (some hosting companies don’t provide one-click-install for WordPress) you don’t have the option to install WordPress automatically, look at this manual guide below:
Choose a Theme for Your Site (Free or Premium)
For the next step, we’ll be diving into WordPress themes and how to use and customize them.
WordPress themes are design templates that make changing your site’s looks a lot quicker and easier.
Luckily, WordPress has loads of themes to choose from. The official WordPress theme directory alone contains more than 8,000, which are completely free to use.
You can access themes directly from within WordPress without having to navigate to an external site.
For that, simply go to Appearance > Themes, and click the large + sign that says Add New Theme.
Then use the search bar to find a theme that suits your site.
You can click on any theme in the listing to view a demo of it and read more about its features on its Details & Preview screen.
Once you find a theme you like, install it by clicking the Install button in the Details & Preview screen.
Once the install process is complete, click the Activate button that appears where the Install button used to be.
If what’s available in the official theme directory doesn’t suit your needs, check out premium theme markets such as:
3. Add Content (Pages and Posts)
Before getting to site customization, you need to have some content on your site.
After all, it’s hard to customize your site when there’s nothing on it to show the changes. What you need in terms of content will vary depending on the subject matter of your site and your goals.
However, there are a few key pages that nearly every site has:
- About page
- Contact page
In deciding which pages to add, consider what information would be most helpful to your visitors. You’ll also need to think about visual content, such as photos.
To make things easier, some WordPress themes come with page templates for specific page types. Others also come with more than one layout option for each page.
To take advantage of these, go to Appearance > Customize.
In this example, we’re using the latest WordPress default theme, Twenty Twenty-One to create a site. By default, it uses a static page as the homepage that you can configure under Homepage Settings. Use the dropdown menu to select which page you want to serve as your website’s homepage.
Alternatively, if you want your homepage to feature your latest blog posts, check choose the option Your latest posts.
Confirm your choices by clicking Publish in the upper left corner.
After that, you can move on to creating new pages for your site. For that, in the main dashboard, go to Pages > Add New.
The Twenty Twenty-One theme relies on the Gutenberg editor, so here I can add page titles and content.
Within this page, you can add features like images and formatting.
Repeat this process to add additional pages to your site.
4. Make Sure Your Website is Well-Organized
Think of your website as a library.
Your website structure will become increasingly important the more content you add to your website.
When learning how to create a website, you need to be an expert at organizing your site in a way that makes sense to your visitors and easy for them to get around it.
A crucial part here is the navigation menu. Once you’ve created some pages, it’s time to make them available to your visitors on the site. You can do that under Appearance > Menus.
The first step here is to give your new menu a name, then click Create Menu.
After that, you can choose which content to add to it on the left. For example, tick the boxes next to pages you want to appear in the menu, then click Add to Menu.
You can drag and drop menu items to your desired order and even turn them into sub-items by moving them underneath others like below. Once you are satisfied, choose the menu position where you’d like for this menu to appear (in this case Primary menu).
Click Save Menu again and go to your site’s front end to see the new menu in action.
Ultimately, you want to reflect a structure that makes sense for your site and helps visitors get to where they need to go.
5. Additional Customization Options
For additional customization options, go back to Appearance > Customize. When you look around, you will see that it offers a lot more options to make changes to your site. You are able to modify other parts of your site like:
- Title and tagline
- Background image
You can also make adjustments to your homepage, blog page, and add custom code. The options that appear will vary depending on which theme you’ve installed.
Beyond theme customization, there are many plugins available for WordPress, both free and premium. In the official WordPress plugin directory alone, you can find close to 60,000 plugins that can add all kinds of new features and functionality to your site. Plus, there are many more available from third-party marketplaces.
To install new plugins, navigate to Plugins > Add New.
You’ll be presented with a list of some of the most popular plugins currently available. Use the search field to find anything else you are looking for.
To get plugins onto your site, hit the Install Now button. Wait until it has been downloaded and then click Activate. You can find all plugins on your site plus the possibility to activate, deactivate, and delete them under Plugins in the WordPress main menu.
As to what plugins you should install, some choices worth considering include:
- Yoast SEO – A top search engine optimization plugin that adds on-page optimization prompts to every page and post plus the option to customize Open Graph social media tags.
- Jetpack – Includes a wide range of features to improve website speed, optimization, social media integration, digital marketing, contact forms, and site search.
- Smush – This plugin compresses images that are uploaded to WordPress, which saves storage space, and speeds up page load times.
- WooCommerce – This is the most popular e-commerce store plugin for WordPress and makes it easy to set up an online store. More on it further below.
- MonsterInsights – This plugin adds Google Analytics to your WordPress dashboard.
If you want even more control over how your website looks, you can install a page builder plugin. These plugins add drag-and-drop functionality to your site, which means you can visually build entire web designs — not just individual pages and posts. A few popular choices include:
- Elementor – This all-in-one website builder offers visual website editing, fast load times, and a vast selection of templates to choose from.
- Divi – Developed by Elegant Themes, Divi provides another straightforward way to customize websites.
- Beaver Builder – An easy-to-use page builder plugin that speeds up website design considerably.
6. Add a Blog (Optional)
Not every website needs a blog. However, creating one can be a good idea to regularly publish fresh content, display your expertise, and provide additional value for your visitors.
To add a blog in WordPress, you first have to select a blog page. Above, I have already covered that you can configure your homepage to automatically display your latest posts. However, if you want a dedicated blog page instead and keep your homepage static, you first need to create it.
This is as simple as setting up an empty page (Pages > Add New), naming it Blog (or whatever you want but Blog makes sense because it will automatically create the address yoursite.com/blog for your blog page), and publishing it. Then, pick it as your Posts Page either under Appearance > Customize > Homepage Settings or under Settings > Reading.
When saved, all blog posts will automatically appear on your chosen page. Don’t forget to add it to your navigation menu!
To add blog posts to your website go to Posts > Add New.
This will get you to the same content editor that you used earlier for your pages. Add a title and content to your blog post. Include images and formatting, headers, lists, and anything else it needs. In the sidebar on the right you also find options to apply categories and tags, define an excerpt, and set up a featured image.
Once you’re done making changes, click Publish. Your first post is completed, well done!
7. Adding an Online Store (Optional)
Not every website needs an ecommerce store. But if you want to know how to make a website and include an online store, keep reading.
The most popular plugin for this purpose is WooCommerce.
You can set it up quickly, it offers many payment options, and a wide range of optimized themes to create an online shop. Plus, it has a variety of extensions available for purchase to customize your e-commerce site and adapt it to many purposes.
8. Configure SSL
A secure sockets layer (SSL) on your website means data sent to your website’s visitors is kept secure. SSL is an important search ranking factor, and it’s essential to ensure a positive user experience by prioritizing user privacy and security.
To check that SSL is active on your new website with Bluehost, do the following:
- Log into Bluehost.
- Go to My Sites.
- Click Manage Site.
- Find the Security tab on the next screen.
- Under the section that says Security Certificate, verify your Free SSL Certificate or SSL Certificate: Let’s Encrypt status. The toggle should be switched to On.
- Verify SSL is set up by visiting your site again. A lock icon should appear next to the domain name in your web browser’s address bar.
9. Launch Your WordPress Website
Once your site is ready, it’s time to officially launch it. Make sure to double-check your settings and proofread your posts and pages one more time. If everything looks good, click the link at the top of the dashboard that says Coming Soon Active.
After that, scroll down and hit the button that says Launch your site.
Now you can check your live website.
Click through each page to make sure all links work, your text looks good, and your images are formatted properly.
Congratulations! You’re now the proud owner of a new website.
Learning how to make a website is no small feat, even with a detailed guide to help you along the way.
At the same time, it can be very satisfying when you acquire a new skill and start seeing your hard work pay off.
But don’t stop here. Use your new knowledge to learn more and implement more complex functionalities and features. This way, you won’t just learn how to make a website but exactly the site you want.